This article is more than 7 years old

From burgers to bouncers: new providers, another new analogy

Jo Johnson's decision to compare universities to bouncers has raised some eyebrows. Mike Ratcliffe argues that the minister's latest metaphor is misguided.
This article is more than 7 years old

Mike Ratcliffe is a higher education historian and career academic administrator

Jo Johnson’s quest to explain the need for higher education reform has included some exciting analogies. Today we move from burgers to bouncers. Trouble is, this new analogy is just as unhelpful as the burger one was.

Today saw the widely covered announcement of the new Dyson Institute of Technology. This is welcome; the involvement of industry in higher education is an entirely sensible thing. Excitingly it might be the first time in the UK an industrialist has set up a higher education provider under their own name since Thomas Holloway had his vision for a women’s college.

Jo Johnson tells Times readers this morning that:

At a time when students are crying out for new ways of studying, the market share of the traditional three-year degree programme has increased from 65 per cent to 78 per cent over the past five years. Our reforms will change that. We will strip existing universities of the power to act like bouncers, deciding who should and should not be let into the club.

We shouldn’t let the first part of the quote pass us by. There’s a reason why the market share of ‘traditional three-year degree programmes’ has increased – much of that is because of the catastrophic effect of this government’s reforms.  Removing teaching funding and a ham-fisted support package for part-time students wrecked the diversity of the sector, crashing their numbers.

But, let’s focus on the new analogy: bouncers. The minister wants to conjure the image of bouncers refusing entry to a club on an arbitrary basis. No trainers allowed in here, mate.

Now, just as there’s nothing wrong with a franchise holder enforcing standards in the use of their brand (the whole Bryon vs McDonalds fallacy), what’s wrong with a club having rules After all, entry to the higher education club confers the right to award degrees, something that most people can’t go back and do another time if they don’t like the first one (with burgers, you can keep trying them till you find one you like).

But ‘door supervision’ is a regulated industry, it has a British Standard (BS 7960) just recently updated. As you’d expect, most of it is focused not on how dress codes, but on the kind of organisation that can be accredited to offer door supervision. It specifies that it has to be properly run, do comprehensive risk assessments, offer vetting and training of its staff etc. A key role of door supervision is to keep out people who might do harm to those inside; people selling drugs or carrying weapons.

Why would the minister want to remove door supervision from higher education? Are universities using their power to keep out the kinds of company that ought to be offering innovative higher education? Who are these companies?

One company that’s not been prevented from offering higher education is Dyson – the whole point of this announcement is that Dyson is having a degree validated by Warwick University.

It’s good that ministers are striving to explain their policies, but they should lay off the analogies. Taking away regulation of who can offer degrees is potentially a very bad idea. We benefit from a controlled reputational range in the UK; the measures planned for reforming the English part of this may harm it.

2 responses to “From burgers to bouncers: new providers, another new analogy

  1. It’s interesting that you mention the regulation of door supervision yet fail to extend the parallel to see that validation activity is largely unregulated – and therein lies much of the problem. Some of HE’s bouncers are exemplary. Others turn away punters simply because they dislike the cut of their jib, or shake them down for more money after they’ve already paid entry, or forcibly eject them through the back door halfway through the night. Establishing proper standards and effective regulation of this ‘door supervision’ will be to everyone’s benefit.

    1. Alex,

      I don’t want to expand Jo Johnson’s analogy too far, but looking at BS 7960 was interesting. In order to get the standard you have to be a pukka company (and not a set of gangsters) and then there are a set of expectations on what you’d do in order to provide door supervision. I think you could easily compare that to the expectations in the financial memorandum with the back up of the Quality Code for the detail of expectations on validation.

      DfE put out a blog version of Johnson’s argument – of which the Times piece is a fragment – in which he effectlvely complains that universities charge for validation, and that they require other providers to adher to their standards. Well, yes. That’s the point. It’s also the point that some universities won’t ever do validation work, or that others have very different risk appetites – you’d expect that too. Those risk appetites also change – I’ve been somewhere where the bad behaviour of one partner caused a wholesale re-evaluation of partnerships across the university.

      Personally, I’d want a CNAA type validator back – able to approve different courses (not just franchising off-the-shelf versions) and work to hold up the standards of all its partners. Maybe the OU vliadtion service can do that. That won’t prevent Dyson working with Warwick. I don’t see Johnson’s point in needing the bigger changes – the ones in the Bill he tries to justify with a new link-up that should work well undrr the current provision.

Leave a Reply